Hindi Sahitya Ka Itihas by Dr. Nagendra: A Comprehensive History of Hindi Literature
Hindi Sahitya Ka Itihas by Dr. Nagendra is a monumental work that covers the history of Hindi literature from its origins to the present day. The book is divided into ten parts, each dealing with a specific period, genre, or theme of Hindi literature. The book is based on extensive research and analysis of various sources, such as literary texts, historical documents, inscriptions, manuscripts, and oral traditions. The book also provides a critical evaluation of the works of various authors, poets, and scholars who have contributed to the development and enrichment of Hindi literature.
The book is written in a lucid and engaging style, with numerous examples and quotations from the original texts. The book also includes illustrations, maps, charts, tables, and appendices to enhance the understanding of the readers. The book is a valuable resource for students, teachers, researchers, and enthusiasts of Hindi literature and culture.
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If you are interested in learning more about the history of Hindi literature and its various aspects, you should definitely read this book by Dr. Nagendra.
The history of Hindi literature can be divided into five main periods, each with its own characteristics and genres. The first period is the Adi Kal or Vir-Gatha Kal, which lasted from the 10th to the 14th century CE. This period was marked by poems extolling brave warriors and heroes, such as Prithviraj Raso by Chand Bardai, Alha-Khand by Jagnayak, and Naishadhiya Charita by Sriharsha. These poems were written in various dialects of Apabhramsha, such as Awadhi, Braj, and Marwari.
The second period is the Bhakti Kal or Devotional Period, which spanned from the 14th to the 18th century CE. This period was influenced by the Bhakti movement, which emphasized personal devotion to God over ritualistic practices. The poets of this period expressed their love and devotion to various deities, such as Vishnu, Shiva, Rama, Krishna, and Durga. Some of the prominent poets of this period were Kabir, Surdas, Tulsidas, Mirabai, and Raskhan. They wrote in dialects such as Awadhi, Braj, Bundeli, and Khariboli.
The third period is the Riti Kal or Shringar Kal, which lasted from the 18th to the 20th century CE. This period was dominated by poems of romance and eroticism, which were highly ornamental and stylized. The poets of this period followed certain conventions and norms of poetic expression, known as riti or shringar. They also used various figures of speech and imagery to create aesthetic effects. Some of the notable poets of this period were Keshavdas, Bihari Lal, Ghananand, Matiram, and Dev. 29c81ba772