\"Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)\" draws inspiration from traditional African music, blends an African Colombian rhythm with a Soca-influenced beat and Congolese rumba guitar style. It contains instrumentation from a Southern African guitar. The chorus of the song and the words \"waka waka\" are borrowed from \"Zangaléwa\", a 1986 song recorded by Cameroonian band Golden Sounds, which was a hit not only across Africa but also in Colombia with the help of West African DJs where Shakira heard the tune when she was a child. According to Debora Halbert, author of the book The State of Copyright: The Complex Relationships of Cultural Creation in a Globalized World, Golden Sounds were also not the original creators of the chorus, since it was adapted from \"military marches of unknown origins that go back as far as World War II.\" \"Waka Waka (This Time For Africa)\" is written in the key of D major.
The \"waka waka\" riff of the song also generated controversy. In June 2010, it was reported that Dominican musician Wilfrido Vargas had decided to file a lawsuit against Shakira for allegedly plagiarising the riff off his composition \"El Negro No Puede\" for a sum of $11 million, which was performed by Dominican group Las Chicas del Can. However, Vargas later directly addressed the issue and said he did not have any intention to sue Shakira, clarifying that he himself did not own the riff used in \"El Negro No Puede\", and that the prior statements made in his name were fabricated. 1e1e36bf2d